InterruptMe: Designing Intelligent Prompting Mechanisms for Pervasive Applications

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-11-16 16:07:36

Date : 2015. 11. 23. (Mon) 10:00 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jinyoung Choi   Title : InterruptMe: Designing Intelligent Prompting Mechanisms for Pervasive Applications Author : Veljko Pejovic  University of Birmingham, United Kingdom   Abstract   The mobile phone represents a unique platform for interactive applications that can harness the opportunity of an immediate contact with a user in order to increase the impact of the delivered information. However, this accessibility does not necessarily translate to reachability, as recipients might refuse an initiated contact or disfavor a message that comes in an inappropriate moment. In this paper we seek to answer whether, and how, suitable moments for interruption can be identified and utilized in a mobile system. We gather and analyze a real-world smartphone data trace and show that users’ broader context, including their activity, location, time of day, emotions and ... Continue reading →

459 Views

Non-obstructive Room-level Locating System in Home Environments ...

by Jinse Kwon on 2015-10-12 07:00:40

Date : 2015. 10. 12 (Mon) 10:00 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jinse Kwon   Title : Non-obstructive Room-level Locating System in Home Environments using Activity Fingerprints from Smartwatch Author : Lee Seungwoo   Abstract   Many smart home applications, such as monitoring for the elderly and home automation, require location information for individual occupants. Several techniques have been proposed for tracking occupants in a home environment. However, the current techniques do not provide a seamless in-home locating system owing to the occupants’ devicefree movement and the lack of cost-effective infrastructure for home location tracking. In this paper, we propose a home occupant tracking system that uses a smartphone and an off-the-shelf smartwatch without additional infrastructure. In our system, activity fingerprints are automatically generated from the microphone and the inertial sensors of the smartwatch, and ... Continue reading →

539 Views

Step-by-Step Detection of Personally Collocated Mobile Devices

by Jemin Lee on 2015-08-27 15:59:36

Date : 2015. 08. 28. (Friday) 10:30 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jemin Lee  Title : Step-by-Step Detection of Personally Collocated Mobile Devices   Author : A. Srivastava, J. Gummeson, M. Baker, and K.-H. Kim Abstract Many people now carry multiple mobile devices on a daily basis. Wearables, smartphones, tablets, and laptops all have their different advantages, but collectively they can increase a user’s device management burden. Management problems include leaving a device behind accidentally, receiving notifications on the wrong device, and failing to secure all of the devices as needed. Reducing this burden requires detecting which of a user’s devices are “personally collocated” – those devices he currently wears, carries, or has under his immediate physical control. We present a lightweight method to detect personal collocation by comparing accelerometer-based footstep ... Continue reading →

530 Views

lprof: A Non-intrusive Request Flow Profiler for Distributed Systems

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-08-24 00:00:00

* 동영상 강의로 진행됩니다. (총 2편) Date: 2015. 08. 25. (Tue) 10:30 A.M. Locate: EB5. 533 Continue reading →

603 Views

ScreenPass: secure password entry on touchscreen devices

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-08-17 10:57:29

Date : 2015. 08. 18. (Tue) 10:30 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jinyoung Choi   Title : ScreenPass: secure password entry on touchscreen devices Author : Dongtao Liu, Eduardo Cuervo, Valentin Pisto, Ryan Scudellari, Landon P. Cox    Abstract   Users routinely access cloud services through third-party apps on smartphones by giving apps login credentials (i.e., a username and password). Unfortunately, users have no assurance that their apps will properly handle this sensitive information. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of ScreenPass, which significantly improves the security of passwords on touchscreen devices. ScreenPass secures passwords by ensuring that they are entered securely, and uses taint-tracking to monitor where apps send password data. The primary technical challenge addressed by ScreenPass is guaranteeing that trusted code is always aware of when a user is entering a password. ScreenPass ... Continue reading →

483 Views

Decoupling Cores, Kernels, and Operating Systems

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-08-12 20:29:58

* 동영상 강의로 진행됩니다. (총 2편)   Date : 2015. 08. 21. (Fri) 10:30 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533   Title : Decoupling Cores, Kernels, and Operating Systems Author : Gerd Zellweger, Simon Gerber, Kornilios Kourtis, and Timothy Roscoe, ETH Zürich   Abstract We present Barrelfish/DC, an extension to the Barrelfish OS which decouples physical cores from a native OS kernel, and furthermore the kernel itself from the rest of the OS and application state. In Barrelfish/DC, native kernel code on any core can be quickly replaced, kernel state moved between cores, and cores added and removed from the system transparently to applications and OS processes, which continue to execute. Barrelfish/DC is a multikernel with two novel ideas: the use of boot drivers to abstract cores as regular devices, and a partitioned capability system for memory management which externalizes core-local kernel state. We show by ... Continue reading →

535 Views

I am a Smartphone and I can tell my user’s walking direction

by Jorge Frisancho on 2015-08-11 09:45:59

Date : 2015. 08. 11 (Tue) 10:00 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jorge Frisancho Seminar title: I am a Smartphone and I can tell my user’s walking direction Authors: Authors: Nirupam Roy, He Wang, Romit Roy Choudhury Abstract This paper describes WalkCompass, a system that exploits smartphone sensors to estimate the direction in which a user is walking. We find that several smartphone localization systems in the recent past, including our own, make a simplifying assumption that the user’s walking direction is known. In trying to relax this assumption, we were not able to find a generic solution from past work. While intuition suggests that the walking direction should be detectable through the accelerometer, in reality this direction gets blended into various other motion patterns during the act of walking, including up and down bounce, side-to-side sway, swing of arms or legs, etc. Moreover, the walking direction is in the phone’s local coordinate ... Continue reading →

591 Views

Starfish: Efficient Concurrency Support for Computer Vision Applications

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-08-03 15:37:15

* 동영상 강의로 진행됩니다.   Date : 2015. 08. 03. (Tue) 10:30 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533   Title : Starfish: Efficient Concurrency Support for Computer Vision Applications Author : Robert LiKamWa and Lin Zhong   Abstract Emerging wearable devices promise a multitude of computer vision-based applications that serve users without active engagement. However, vision algorithms are known to be resource-hungry; and modern mobile systems do not support concurrent application use of the camera. Toward supporting efficient concurrency of vision applications, we report Starfish, a split-process execution system that supports concurrent vision applications by allowing them to share computation and memory objects in a secure and efficient manner. Starfish splits the vision library from an application into a separate process, called the Core, which centrally serves all vision applications. The Core shares library call results among applications, eliminating redundant ... Continue reading →

484 Views

Ultrasonic Time Synchronization and Ranging on Smartphones

by Jinse Kwon on 2015-07-27 11:38:51

Date : 2015. 07. 28 (Tue) 10:30 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jinse Kwon   Title : Ultrasonic Time Synchronization and Ranging on Smartphones Author : Patrick Lazik   Abstract   In this paper, we present the design and evaluation of a platform that can be used for time synchronization and indoor positioning of mobile devices. The platform uses the Time-Difference-Of-Arrival (TDOA) of multiple ultrasonic chirps broadcast from a network of beacons placed throughout the environment to find an initial location as well as synchronize a receiver’s clock with the infrastructure. These chirps encode identification data and ranging information that can be used to compute the receiver’s location. Once the clocks have been synchronized, the system can continue performing localization directly using Time-of-Flight (TOF) ranging as opposed to TDOA. This provides similar ... Continue reading →

520 Views

Reducing Energy Consumption of Alarm-induced Wake-ups on Android Smartphones HotMobile'15

by Jemin Lee on 2015-06-28 17:36:35

Date: 2015. 07. 03. (Fri) 10:00 A.M. Locate: EB5. 533 Presenter: jemin lee Seminar title: Reducing Energy Consumption of Alarm-induced Wake-ups on Android Smartphones HotMobile'15 Authors: Sewook Park, Dongwon Kim, Hojung Cha Abstract: Alarms are often used to set smartphones to perform tasks at scheduled times. Many applications use alarm functionality, and devices consequently experience frequent wake-ups and waste energy. In this paper, we analyze alarm-induced wake-ups in the Android platforms in terms of energy consumption. We propose a “Time Critical Alarm”, in which alarms necessarily accompany wake-ups. We then propose, AlarmScope, a scheme to reduce non-critical alarms and thus minimize energy waste. Our evaluation of widely-used applications on Android smartphones shows that the proposed scheme would save between 2.6% and 12.5% of energy use. paper download Continue reading →

522 Views

Duet: Exploring Joint Interactions on a Smart Phone and a Smart Watch

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-05-18 10:26:14

Date : 2015.05.22.(Fri) 10:00 A.M. Locate : EB5.533 Presenter : Jinyoung Choi   Title : Duet: Exploring Joint Interactions on a Smart Phone and a Smart Watch Author : Xiang ‘Anthony’ Chen, Tovi Grossman, Daniel Wigdor, George Fitzmaurice   Abstract The emergence of smart devices (e.g., smart watches and smart eyewear) is redefining mobile interaction from the solo performance of a smart phone, to a symphony of multiple devices. In this paper, we present Duet – an interactive system that explores a design space of interactions between a smart phone and a smart watch. Based on the devices’ spatial configurations, Duet coordinates their motion and touch input, and extends their visual and tactile output to one another. This transforms the watch into an active element that enhances a wide range of phone-based interactive tasks, and enables a new class of multi-device gestures and sensing techniques. A technical evaluation ... Continue reading →

537 Views

The Missing Numerator: Toward a Value Measure for Smartphone Apps

by Jemin Lee on 2015-04-08 10:36:23

Date: 2015. 04. 08. (Fri) 10:00 A.M. Locate: EB5. 533 Presenter: Jemin Lee Seminar title: The Missing Numerator: Toward a Value Measure for Smartphone Apps Authors: Anudipa Maiti and Geoffrey Challen Abstract: While great strides have been made in measuring energy consumption, these measures alone are not sufficient to enable effective energy management on battery-constrained mobile devices. What is urgently needed is a way to put energy consumption into context by measuring the value delivered by mobile apps. While difficult to compute, an accurate value measure would enable cross-app comparison, app improvement, energy inefficient app detection, and effective runtime energy allocation and prioritization. Our paper motivates the problem, describes requirements for a value measure, discusses and evaluates several possible inputs to such a measure, and presents results from a preliminary (unsuccessful) attempt to formulate one.  Download: paper   Continue reading →

669 Views

A case for battery charging-aware power management and deferrable task scheduling in smartphones

by Donggeon Han on 2015-04-03 09:56:17

Date: 2015. 04. 03. (Fri) 10:00 A.M. Locate: EB5. 533 Presenter: Donggeon Han Seminar title: A case for battery charging-aware power management and deferrable task scheduling in smartphones Authors: Salma Elmalaki Abstract: Prior battery-aware systems research has focused on discharge power management in order to maximize the usable battery lifetime of a device. In order to achieve the vision of perpetual mobile device operation, we propose that software also needs to carefully consider the process of battery charging. This is because the power consumed by the system when plugged in can influence the rate of battery charging, and hence, the availability of the system to the user. We characterize the charging process of a Nexus 4 smartphone and analyze the charging behaviors of anonymous Nexus 4 users using the Device Analyzer dataset. We find that there is potential for software schedulers to increase ... Continue reading →

497 Views

Contextual Experience Sampling of Mobile Application Micro-Usage

by Jinyoung Choi on 2015-03-16 16:06:33

Date : 2015. 03. 20. (Fri) 10:00 A.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jinyoung Choi   Seminar title: Contextual Experience Sampling of Mobile Application Micro-Usage Authors Denzil Ferreira, Jorge Goncalves, Vassilis Kostakos, Louise Barkhuus, Anind Dey Abstract Research suggests smartphone users face “application overload”, but literature lacks an in-depth investigation of how users manage their time on smartphones. In a 3-week study we collected smartphone application usage patterns from 21 participants to study how they manage their time interacting with the device. We identified events we term application micro-usage: brief bursts of interaction with applications. While this practice has been reported before, it has not been investigated in terms of the context in which it occurs (e.g., location, time, trigger and social context). In a 2-week follow-up study with 15 participants, we captured participants’ context while micro-using, with a ... Continue reading →

504 Views

User interaction-based profiling system for Android application tuning

by Jorge Frisancho on 2015-01-27 04:12:26

Date : 2015. 01. 27 (Tue) 01:00 P.M. Locate : EB5. 533 Presenter : Jorge Frisancho Seminar title: User interaction-based profiling system for Android application tuning Authors: Seokjun Lee, Chanmin Yoon, Hojung Cha Abstract Quality improvement in mobile applications should be based on the consideration of several factors, such as users' diversity in spatio-temporal usage, as well as the device's resource usage, including battery life. Although application tuning should consider this practical issue, it is difficult to ensure the success of this process during the development stage due to the lack of information about application usage. This paper proposes a user interaction-based profiling system to overcome the limitations of development-level application debugging. In our system, the analysis of both device behavior and energy consumption is possible with fine-grained process-level application monitoring. By providing fine-grained information, including user ... Continue reading →

561 Views